Marathon Runners At Higher Risk For Skin Cancer - KLTV.com - Tyler, Longview, Jacksonville |ETX News

11/25/06

Marathon Runners At Higher Risk For Skin Cancer

PATIENTS WITH HOSPITAL INFECTIONS HAVE HIGHER DEATH RISK Patients who contract an infection while in the hospital have an increased risk of death, researchers find in a new study of Pennsylvania hospitals. Previous studies have linked hospital-acquired infections to higher death rates, but there was some question about whether the infections themselves created the excess risk or whether these patients were already sicker when they entered the hospital. The new study finds both theories are true. Hospital-acquired infections independently raise a patient's risk of death, but people who get the infections tend to be sicker at the start. According to the new estimate in the American Journal of Medical Quality, patients who contract a hospital infection have about 2.5 times the death risk as patients who do not catch an infection.

MARATHON RUNNERS HAVE INCREASED RISK of SKIN CANCER Marathon runners may have a higher risk of skin cancer because of their long periods of time in the sun. A new Austrian study published in the Archives of Dermatology compared 210 marathon runners to 210 nonmarathoners matched by age and sex. Participants were evaluated based on skin cancer exams, changes in skin lesions, family history of skin cancer, and other related factors. Researchers found that the marathon runners had a higher risk for skin cancer than nonmarathoners. As training levels, researchers found, the risk for skin cancer increases as well. The authors recommend that marathon runners avoid harmful ultraviolet slight exposure as much as possible by training during times when the sun is not high, wearing adequate clothing, and regularly using water-resistant sunscreen.

JOB BURNOUT LEADS TO DIABETES? A new Israeli study finds that job burnout may boost the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Researchers followed 677 workers for three years to five years, assessing them periodically with a questionnaire on their health and job status. Published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, the results showed that people who experienced job burnout were 84 percent more likely to become diabetic. However, the study is quite limited. Only 17 workers developed type 2 diabetes during the study period, so the results are based on a very small sample. Also, it is possible that people who do not cope with stress well are more likely to experience job burnout and to develop diabetes. More studies must be done in order to gather more conclusive information, researchers say.

STAT is a brief look at the latest medical research and is compiled by Joanna Schaffhausen, who holds a doctorate in behavioral neuroscience. She works in the ABC News Medical Unit, evaluating medical studies, abstracts and news releases.

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