Texas is the second-largest agricultural state in the United States, accounting for about 7 percent of the total U.S. agricultural income.
The food, horticulture and fiber industry is the second-largest industry in the state and generates $73 billion a year for the economy, or approximately 9.5 percent of the state’s total gross state product.
Eighty percent of the land in Texas is in some form of agricultural production.
Ninety-two percent of Texas’ agricultural operations are still run by individuals or families.
Although agriculture employs one out of every seven working Texans, less than 2 percent of the population is involved in day-to-day farming or ranching.
Texas ranks first in the nation in the number of cattle and calves, accounting for 15 percent of the U.S. total. Texas also ranks first in the number of cattle operations and the value of all cattle and calves.
Texas is the top producer of cotton, hay, sheep, wool, goats, mohair and horses. The state’s top crops also include vegetables, citrus, corn, wheat, peanuts, pecans, sorghum and rice.
Texas is one of the leading exporters of agricultural commodities. Texas’ top agricultural exports are live animals and meat, cotton and cottonseed, feed grains and products, hides and skins, wheat and products, and feeds and fodder.
Each Texas farmer grows enough food and fiber for 129 people in the United States and abroad.
Texas’ 1 million horses, representing approximately 11 percent of all horses nationwide, make the state a leader in the United States.
The Texas Department of Agriculture’s Family Land Heritage Program has recognized more than 4,100 farms and ranches in 229 counties for being maintained in continuous agricultural operation by the same family for 100 years or more.