Enhanced Fujita Tornado Damage Scale - KLTV.com-Tyler, Longview, Jacksonville, Texas | ETX News

Enhanced Fujita Tornado Damage Scale

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT F-SCALE WINDS: Do not use F-scale winds literally. These wind speed numbers are estimates and have never been scientifically varied. Different wind speeds may cause similar-looking damage from place to place; even from building to building. Without a through engineering analysis of tornado damage in any event, the actual wind speeds needed to cause that damage are unknown.

Fujita Tornado Damage Scale


Winds 65-85


Light damage

Peels Surface off roofs

Branches broken off trees

Shallow-rooted trees pushed over

Sign boards damaged

Winds 86-110



Moderate damage

Roofs torn off frame houses

Windows and glass doors broken

Moving autos blown off roads

Mobile homes demolished


Winds 111-135


Mobile homes demolished

Considerable Damage

Roofs torn off houses

Frame home foundation shifted

Large trees snapped or uprooted

Cars lifted off ground


Winds 136-165


Severe damage

Some walls torn off houses

trains overturned

Most trees in forest uprooted

Heavy cars lifted off the ground


Winds 166-200


Devastating Damage

Well-constructed houses destroyed

Cars thrown


Winds Over 200


Incredible Damage

Strong frame houses leveled

Brick houses wipes off foundations

Cars and large objects thrown

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