Iraq...... Saddam Hussein......And The Deadline Approaches

-- As the U-S continues to push for a U-N resolution authorizing war against Iraq, there's a report that weapons inspectors have discovered a new variety of rocket. The New York Times says the rocket apparently is intended to strew bomblets filled with chemical or biological agents over large areas.

-- The Iraqi liaison also blasts a new proposal which would give Saddam Hussein until March 17th to totally disarm. In addition, he says Iraq might invite chief inspector Hans Blix to Baghdad on March 17th. but he gave no details.

-- Secretary of State Powell is holding out hope that a majority of U-N Security Council members will vote to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum for disarming. He tells N-B-C he's "encouraged" by talks he's been having with a number of council members. But he does concede that France is threatening a veto.

-- A U-S envoy says "time is fast running out if war is to be avoided" with Iraq. Richard Haass told a Lebanese T-V station, which can be seen in much of the Middle East, that "Saddam Hussein has been given roughly another week" to disarm.

-- There's still a chance U-S troops will be able to use Turkish bases in a war against Iraq. The governing party leader has won a parliament seat by a huge margin. He favors U-S troop deployment. He'll likely become prime minister and could purge cabinet ministers who oppose the troop deployment.

-- Anti-war activists awaiting visas to enter Iraq say they want to be "human shields" against a possible American attack on Iraq. Some ten members of a Chicago-based peace activist group called Voices in the Wilderness, along with six Spaniards, plan to drive to Iraq from Jordan.

-- Saddam Hussein has held a high-level meeting with Iraq's defense minister, deputy prime minister as well as the chiefs of the air defense forces, the air force and the atomic agency. It's not known what they discussed. Also in attendance were Saddam's sons, Odai, who commands a pro-government militia, and Qusai, who leads the elite Republican Guard Corps.

-- Hundreds of thousands of people in two of the world's largest Muslim nations rallied Sunday against any U-S-led war in Iraq. In Indonesia, more than 100-thousand gathered in an eastern city (Surabaya), while hundreds of thousands rallied in a city adjacent to the Pakistani capital (Rawalpindi).

-- President Bush continues to try and gain support in the U-N for a new resolution on Iraq. A White House official says Bush will work the phones Monday and call foreign leaders.

-- A front-page editorial in Iraq's state newspaper blasts the U-S as a "fascist ruling gang." It also applauds divisions on the U-N Security Council and says the world is beginning to rebel against U-S domination.

-- China's president has told Britain's prime minister that "War is to no one's advantage." Jiang Zemin also told Tony Blair that the world must take "as much time as is needed" to defuse the situation in Iraq and avoid war.


-- Iraq filed its report by the December eighth deadline to provide weapons inspectors and the Security Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of chemical, biological and nuclear programs.

-- Weapons inspectors resumed inspections Wednesday, November 27th, and are to report to the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. But they are to immediately report any Iraqi interference with their work, any failure by Iraq to comply with disarmament obligations, and any false statements or omissions in its declaration.

-- U`on receipt of such a report from inspectors, the Security Council will immediately convene to consider the situation and the need for fell compliance in order to restore international peace and security.

-- The chief U-N weapons inspectors are due to make another report to the Security Council Friday.


Permanent members with veto power:

_United States: Says Iraq is developing weapons of mass destruction, is not cooperating with weapons inspectors and is violating its obligations under U.N. resolutions; claims it already has Security Council authorization to use military force to disarm Iraq.

_Britain: Prefers a new Security Council resolution authorizing any military action, but is expected to join U.S.-led action without one; says Iraq is not cooperating or disarming and that time is running out for inspections.

_China: Believes inspections are starting to work and Iraq can be disarmed peacefully; wants inspectors to be given more time do do their job.

_France: Says inspections are working and sees no justification for military action now; has hinted it could use its veto to block council authorization for military action at this stage.

_Russia: Says there is no evidence Iraq is rearming; claims inspections are working and should continue.

Elected members without veto power:

_Angola: Says Iraq could be disarmed peacefully through inspections and believes military action needs to be sanctioned by the council.

_Bulgaria: Believes Iraq is not cooperating with inspections; could support U.S.-led military intervention without a Security Council authorization.

_Cameroon: Supports continued inspections.

_Chile: Says inspections are working and should continue in order to peacefully disarm Iraq.

_Guinea: Supports continued inspections and has not taken a position on military action.

_Germany: Insists Iraq must be disarmed peacefully and has said it will not participate in any military intervention, even if the Security Council authorizes such action.

_Mexico: Supports continued weapons inspections and believes any military action needs to be authorized by the Security Council.

_Pakistan: Supports continued weapons inspections and a diplomatic resolution of the conflict.

_Syria: Says Iraq is cooperating with its obligations under U.N. resolutions and has said sanctions should be lifted.

_Spain: Supports the Bush administration's stance on Iraq. Believes military intervention could proceed without Security Council authorization.


A look at what some top Bush administration officials did during the Persian Gulf War and where they are now.

COLIN POWELL: then chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; now secretary of state.

DICK CHENEY: then defense secretary; now vice president.

TOMMY FRANKS: then assistant division commander for the First Cavalry Division; now head of the military's Central Command, which would lead any E-S gar against Iraq.

PAUL WOLFOWITZ: then undersecretary of defense for policy; now deputy secretary of defense.

RICHARD ARMITAGE: then special emissary to Jordan's King Hussein; now deputy secretary of state.

CONDOLEEZZA RICE: then senior director of Soviet and East European affairs in the National Security Council+ now national security adviser.

DONALD RUMSFELD: then chairman and chief executive officer of General Instrument Corp.; now defense secretary.

RICHARD MYERS: then part of the Tactical Air Command's headquarters staff at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia; now chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

GEORGE W. BUSH: then managing general partner of Texas Rangers baseball team; now president and commander-in-chief.


Nearly 300-thousand U-S troops are or soon will be massed in the Persian Gulf region for possible war.

Nearly a third of the personnel total is in Kuwait, which would be the main launching pad for a U-S-led invasion to disarm Iraq.

_Kuwait: More than 26-thousand U-S troops, and the number will continue to grow. There are multiple desert Army and Air Force bases. The main Army post is Camp Doha, about 35 miles from the Iraqi border.


_Saudi Arabia: Prince Seltan Air Base near Riyadh, the Saudi capital.

_Bahrain: headquarters for the Navy's 5th fleet.

_Qatar: The main location for thousands of troops is al-Udeid air base, which could serve as a hub of air operations if the Saudi's do not allow the United States to run the air war from their Prince Sultan air base.

_Oman: American forces use three air bases: al-Seeb, Thumrait and Masirah. In addition to flying aircraft from these bases, the United States also stores war reserve materiel at the three sites.

_Turkey: U-S air crews fly regular missions over northern Iraq from Incirlik air base in south-central Turkey. U-S officials have discussed with Turkish authorities the possibility of using other Turkish bases.


According to military officials and experts at Jane's, Periscope and the Center for Strategic and International Studies:

Troop strength:

_Army has between 350,000 and 400,000 troops.


_2,200 main battle tanks.

_1,000 armored reconnaissance vehicles.

_8 0 light tanks/infantry fighting vehicles. _2,000 armored `personnel carriers.

_200 self-propelled artillery guns, 1,500 towed artillery guns.


_200-300 interceptors and attack aircraft, and 100 combat helicopters.

Air defenses:

_400 surface-to-air missile launchers.

_1,000 portable surface-to-air missiles.

_6,000 anti-aircraft guns.


_Short-range (less than 90 miles) surface-to-surface missiles.

_Between 2 and 20 Scud launchers and missiles.

The A.P.'s practice is to refer to Saddam Hussein on second reference as Saddam, based on two considerations:

First, Hussein is not his family name. Saddam is his given name; Hussein is his father's given name; this is common in Arab families. His full name is Saddam Hussein al-Majd al-Tikriti, but he uses neither al-Majd, which is akin to a family name, nor al-Tikriti, which is a name for his extended family or clan derived from the Tikrit region where the leader is from.

Second, he is not usually referred to as Hussein by people in Iraq or elsewhere in the region. Political leaders, newspapers and Iraqis call him simply Saddam or by both names.

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